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"getRecordsByPartialKeyRange"

Abstract

getRecordsByPartialKeyRange retrieves zero or more records from a database table using the specified key range.

The "getRecordsByPartialKeyRange" action returns records within a range of values defined by a partial key value. It is the fastest possible way to walk records in index order bounded by keys that match a partial key value.

This action returns records that match index keys against a partial key supplied by you, such as records starting with "Mi". If no matching key is found, no records are returned and the current record for a cursor is set to the last record in the index.

Important

The index is required and is used to limit which records are retrieved. Records are retrieved in index order.

Things to know

  • In JSON all binary values are encoded as a base64 value inside a string. Thus, if the key is a binary value, you encode a binary value as a base64 value and assign it to the partial key.

  • Results can be further filtered by a table filter expression, which filters records using one or more fields in the table. 

    Note

    A table filter is applied after a record is retrieved from the index; the index filter primarily controls which records are returned and the table filter subsequently filters the records.

  • The results are returned in ascending or descending index order.

  • This action can also return specific subsets of records from the results by skipping over records (forward or backward) and limiting the number returned.

  • You can specify which fields and JSON properties are included in the results.

  • This action can return a cursor, which allows the "getRecordsFromCursor" action to retrieve a large number of records efficiently.

Performance considerations:
  • Results are returned quickly when the index range returns few records.

  • Results return less quickly when:

    • The "indexFilter" property creates a large range of records.

    • The "skipRecords" property skips over many records.

    • The "tableFilter" property further filters the results.

Request examples

Minimal request example

{
  "api": "db",
  "authToken": "replaceWithAuthtokenFromCreateSession",
  "action": "getRecordsByPartialKeyRange",
  "params": {
    "tableName": "athlete",
    "indexFilter": {
      "indexName": "admin_athlete_id_pk",
      "partialKey": "Mi"
    }
  }
}
{
  "api": "db",
  "requestId": "2",
  "authToken": "replaceWithAuthtokenFromCreateSession",
  "action": "getRecordsByPartialKeyRange",
  "params": {
    "databaseName": "ctreeSQL",
    "tableName": "athlete",
    "indexFilter": {
      "indexName": "admin_athlete_id_pk",
      "partialKey": "Mi"
    },
    "returnCursor": true
  }
}
{
  "api": "db",
  "apiVersion": "1.0",
  "requestId": "3",
  "authToken": "replaceWithAuthtokenFromCreateSession",
  "action": "getRecordsByPartialKeyRange",
  "params": {
    "databaseName": "ctreeSQL",
    "ownerName": "admin",
    "tableName": "athlete",
    "tableFilter": "ranking < 4",
    "indexFilter": {
      "indexName": "admin_athlete_id_pk",
      "partialKey": "M"
    },
    "reverseOrder": false,
    "returnCursor": false,
    "skipRecords": 0,
    "maxRecords": -1
  },
  "responseOptions": {
    "binaryFormat": "hex",
    "dataFormat": "objects",
    "numberFormat": "string",
    "includeFields": [
      "name"
    ],
    "excludeFields": []
  },
  "debug": "max"
}

Response examples

{
  "authToken": "authToken",
  "result": {
    "dataFormat": "objects",
    "binaryFormat": "hex",
    "fields": [
      {
        "name": "id",
        "type": "bigint",
        "length": null,
        "scale": null,
        "defaultValue": null,
        "nullable": false,
        "primaryKey": 1,
        "autoValue": "incrementOnInsert"
      },
      {
        "name": "changeId",
        "type": "bigint",
        "length": null,
        "scale": null,
        "defaultValue": null,
        "nullable": true,
        "primaryKey": 0,
        "autoValue": "changeId"
      },
      {
        "name": "name",
        "type": "varchar",
        "length": 30,
        "scale": null,
        "defaultValue": null,
        "nullable": true,
        "primaryKey": 0,
        "autoValue": "none"
      },
      {
        "name": "ranking",
        "type": "smallint",
        "length": null,
        "scale": null,
        "defaultValue": null,
        "nullable": false,
        "primaryKey": 0,
        "autoValue": "none"
      },
      {
        "name": "birthDate",
        "type": "date",
        "length": null,
        "scale": null,
        "defaultValue": null,
        "nullable": true,
        "primaryKey": 0,
        "autoValue": "none"
      },
      {
        "name": "playerNumber",
        "type": "number",
        "length": 32,
        "scale": 6,
        "defaultValue": null,
        "nullable": true,
        "primaryKey": 0,
        "autoValue": "none"
      },
      {
        "name": "livedPast2000",
        "type": "bit",
        "length": null,
        "scale": null,
        "defaultValue": null,
        "nullable": true,
        "primaryKey": 0,
        "autoValue": "none"
      },
      {
        "name": "earnings",
        "type": "money",
        "length": 32,
        "scale": 4,
        "defaultValue": null,
        "nullable": true,
        "primaryKey": 0,
        "autoValue": "none"
      },
      {
        "name": "favoriteSaying",
        "type": "varchar",
        "length": 500,
        "scale": null,
        "defaultValue": null,
        "nullable": true,
        "primaryKey": 0,
        "autoValue": "none"
      }
    ],
    "data": [
      {
        "birthDate": "1963-02-17",
        "changeId": 1291366,
        "earnings": 1700000000,
        "favoriteSaying": "There is no 'i' in team but there is in win.",
        "id": 1,
        "livedPast2000": true,
        "name": "Michael Jordan",
        "playerNumber": 23,
        "ranking": 1
      },
      {
        "birthDate": "1895-02-06",
        "changeId": 1291366,
        "earnings": 800000,
        "favoriteSaying": "Every strike brings me closer to the next home run.",
        "id": 2,
        "livedPast2000": false,
        "name": "Babe Ruth",
        "playerNumber": 3,
        "ranking": 2
      },
      {
        "birthDate": "1942-01-17",
        "changeId": 1291366,
        "earnings": 60000000,
        "favoriteSaying": "Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee.",
        "id": 3,
        "livedPast2000": true,
        "name": "Muhammad Ali",
        "playerNumber": 1,
        "ranking": 3
      },
      {
        "birthDate": "1940-10-23",
        "changeId": 1291366,
        "earnings": 115000000,
        "favoriteSaying": "Everything is practice.",
        "id": 4,
        "livedPast2000": true,
        "name": "Pele",
        "playerNumber": 10,
        "ranking": 4
      },
      {
        "birthDate": "1961-01-26",
        "changeId": 1291366,
        "earnings": 1720000,
        "favoriteSaying": "You miss 100 percent of the shots you never take.",
        "id": 5,
        "livedPast2000": true,
        "name": "Wayne Gretzky",
        "playerNumber": 99,
        "ranking": 5
      },
      {
        "birthDate": "1969-01-03",
        "changeId": 1291366,
        "earnings": 990000000,
        "favoriteSaying": "Once something is a passion, the motivation is there.",
        "id": 6,
        "livedPast2000": true,
        "name": "Michael Schumacher",
        "playerNumber": 1,
        "ranking": 6
      }
    ],
    "primaryKeyFields": [
      "id"
    ],
    "changeIdField": "changeId",
    "moreRecords": false,
    "requestedRecordCount": 20,
    "returnedRecordCount": 6,
    "totalRecordCount": 6
  },
  "errorCode": 0,
  "errorMessage": ""
}
{
  "authToken": "authToken",
  "result": {
    "cursorId": "cursorId",
    "totalRecordCount": -1
  },
  "requestId": "2",
  "errorCode": 0,
  "errorMessage": ""
}
{
  "authToken": "authToken",
  "result": {
    "dataFormat": "objects",
    "binaryFormat": "hex",
    "fields": [
      {
        "name": "name",
        "type": "varchar",
        "length": 30,
        "scale": null,
        "defaultValue": null,
        "nullable": true,
        "primaryKey": 0,
        "autoValue": "none"
      }
    ],
    "data": [
      {
        "name": "Michael Jordan"
      },
      {
        "name": "Babe Ruth"
      },
      {
        "name": "Muhammad Ali"
      }
    ],
    "primaryKeyFields": [
      "id"
    ],
    "changeIdField": "changeId",
    "moreRecords": false,
    "requestedRecordCount": 3,
    "returnedRecordCount": 3,
    "totalRecordCount": 3
  },
  "requestId": "3",
  "debugInfo": {
    "request": {
      "authToken": "replaceWithAuthtokenFromCreateSession",
      "api": "db",
      "action": "getRecordsByPartialKeyRange",
      "params": {
        "databaseName": "ctreeSQL",
        "ownerName": "admin",
        "tableName": "athlete",
        "tableFilter": "ranking < 4",
        "indexFilter": {
          "indexName": "admin_athlete_id_pk",
          "partialKey": "M"
        },
        "reverseOrder": false,
        "returnCursor": false,
        "skipRecords": 0,
        "maxRecords": -1
      },
      "apiVersion": "1.0",
      "requestId": "3",
      "responseOptions": {
        "binaryFormat": "hex",
        "dataFormat": "objects",
        "numberFormat": "string",
        "includeFields": [
          "name"
        ],
        "excludeFields": []
      },
      "debug": "max"
    },
    "serverSuppliedValues": {
      "databaseName": "ctreeSQL",
      "ownerName": "admin"
    },
    "errorData": {
      "errorData": null
    },
    "warnings": []
  },
  "errorCode": 0,
  "errorMessage": ""
}

"params"

The "params" property is an object that contains an action's parameters. Each action defines its own required and optional properties.

Property summary

Table 1. "params" property summaries

Property

Description

Default

Type

Limits (inclusive)

"databaseName"

contains the name of a database

Defaults to the "defaultDatabaseName" value that is set during "createSession"

string

Minimum length: 1
Maximum length: 64

"indexFilter"

selects an index and defines the lower and upper bounds of records to be returned from the index

Required - No default value

object

"maxRecords"

sets the maximum number of records to return from an action

20

integer

-1 - 65,535

"ownerName"

contains the unique name of a schema in a database

""

string

Minimum length: 1
Maximum length: 64

"returnCursor"

configures the server to return a customized response

false

Boolean

true
false

"reverseOrder"

returns records in reverse order when true

false

Boolean

true
false

"skipRecords"

specifies the number of records to skip over in the results before returning records

0

integer

0 - 9,223,372,036,854,775,807

"tableFilter"

filters the records in a table

""

string

Minimum length: 0
Maximum length: no practical limit

"tableName"

contains the name of a table

Required - No default value

string

Minimum length: 1
Maximum length 64


The "databaseName" property is an optional string that specifies the database that contains the tables. It defaults to the database name supplied at login.

Note

In the API Explorer, "defaultDatabaseName" is set to "ctreeSQL" in the "createSession" action that happens at login.

Things to know:
  • A zero-length "databaseName" is invalid.

  • Its limits are from 0 to 64 bytes.

  • If the "databaseName" property is omitted or set to null, the server will use the default database name specified at login.

  • If no default database is specified during "createSession", "defaultDatabaseName" will be set to the "defaultDatabaseName" value that is specified in the services.json file.

The "indexFilter" property selects an index and defines the lower and upper bounds of records to be returned from the index.

Example

One-field index example
"indexFilter":
    {
      "indexName": "name_livedpast2000",
      "partialKey": "Mi"
    }
Multi-field index example
"indexFilter":
    {
      "indexName": "name_livedpast2000",
      "partialKey": [ "2023-09-22", "Mi" ] 
    }

Property summary

Table 2. "indexFilter" property summaries

Property

Description

Default

Type

Limits (inclusive)

"indexName"

contains the name of an index

Required - No default value

string

Minimum length: 1
Maximum length: 64

"partialKey"

defines the range of returned records

""
[]
string
array


The "maxRecords" is an optional integer from -1 to 65,535 that sets the maximum number of records to return from an action. It is used in query actions to paginate the query results when returning records directly. The default for most actions is to return 20 records.

Important

-1 returns all records and should be used very carefully because a large query can return so many records that it eventually times out and wastes server and client resources.

Things to know:
  • When present, "maxRecords" works in conjunction with the "skipRecords" (and, when applicable, "reverseOrder") properties to paginate results.

  • "maxRecords" returns an error when "returnCursor" is true.

    Note

    This does not apply to the actions where "returnCursor" is not present.

  • When returning a cursor, retrieve records using the "getRecordsFromCursor" action.

  • A value of 0 for "maxRecords" is not useful because it causes the action to return no records.

  • "maxRecords" is ignored by the "getRecordsByIds" action.

The "ownerName" property is an optional string from 1 to 64 bytes that specifies the account that owns an object.

Things to know:
  • The "ownerName" property is optional and has a dynamic default value.

  • If the "ownerName" property is omitted or set to null, the server uses the value of the "defaultOwnerName" property supplied during the "createSession" action.

  • If the "defaultOwnerName" property is not defined, the server uses the "admin" as the owner name.

  • The owner of an object has administrative rights over that object.

  • The "ownerName" property is a namespace for an object. You can think of it as a container of objects.

    The "ownerName" allows users to use any name for the objects they create — for example, a QA engineer may copy tables into their owner space to run a set of tests.

    It is common for a user to create their own copies of objects from other accounts for testing, troubleshooting, and fixing data. The copied objects can retain the same name because the "ownerName" distinguishes between them.

  • The fully qualified name of an object is the "databaseName", "ownerName", and the object's name, such as "tableName" meaning a FairCom server may contain many tables with the name "mytable" as long as each one is in a different database or in a different owner space.

    For example, an organization often creates different databases for different phases of the development lifecycle, such as dev, test, stage, ua, and prod. Each of these databases contains the same set of objects with the same names. Applications leave the "databaseName" out of their JSON actions and use the "defaultDatabaseName" property to specify the target database.

  • Queries and scripts are often written without specifying "databaseName" and/or "ownerName", allowing queries and scripts to work properly when run in different databases or in different schemas.

The "returnCursor" property is an optional Boolean. When true, an action returns a cursor instead of directly returning records. It defaults to "false".

Things to know:
  • To retrieve records, call the "getRecordsFromCursor" action and pass the "cursorId" value into it.

  • When "returnCursor" is "true" and one of the "skipRecords", "maxRecords", and "reverseOrder" properties is specified, an error is returned.

    Note

    "returnCursor" is mutually exclusive with the "skipRecords", "maxRecords", and "reverseOrder" properties.

The "reverseOrder" is an optional Boolean. When true, it is used in query actions to return results in reverse order. It defaults to "false".

Things to know:
  • It works with "maxRecords" and "skipRecords" to provide pagination.

  • An error is returned when "returnCursor" is true.

The "skipRecords" property is an optional integer from 0 to 9,223,372,036,854,775,807. It is used in query actions to paginate the query results when returning records directly. It defaults to 0.

Things to know:
  • It specifies the number of records to skip over in the results before returning records.

  • It works with "maxRecords" and "reverseOrder".

  • It is ignored when "returnCursor" is true.

    Note

    This does not apply to the actions where "returnCursor" is not present.

The "tableFilter" property is an optional string with no practical size limit. No table filter is applied when it is an empty string, a null value, or is omitted. It is a server-side filter of the records in a table. It includes records in the result only when they match the filter requirements. It works like a SQL WHERE clause except for using C syntax and C functions.

Things to know:
  • See Use Table Filters for more information and examples.

  • It uses FairCom's expression language, which is based on C syntax and supports arbitrarily nested expressions, operators, and functions, such as

    "tableFilter": "((name IS NOT NULL &amp;&amp; name != \"Michael Jordan\" &amp;&amp; strnicmp( name, \"m\", 1 ) == 0 &amp;&amp; (ranking - 5) * 2 &lt;= 6 &amp;&amp; livedPast2000 ) || ( earnings &lt; 1000000 &amp;&amp; ! livedPast2000 )) &amp;&amp; (ranking % 2 == 1)"

  • A zero-length table filter, such as "tableFilter": "" does not filter any records.

  • A "tableFilter" can be combined with other query techniques. For example, the "getRecordsInKeyRange" action can be used to retrieve a limited range of records that are further filtered by a "tableFilter".

  • To include a double quote character in a "tableFilter" expression, precede it with the backslash (escape) character, \".

The "tableName" property is an optional string that contains the name of an integration table or MQTT topic that holds the topic's messages. It defaults to an empty string.

Things to know:
  • You can use a topic name for an MQTT table because FairCom automatically generates a table name for each topic.

  • A "tableName" cannot begin with a number.

  • It refers to the name of the integration table that stores a topic’s messages and is used to rename that table or assign a new topic to an existing integration table.

  • MQTT automatically creates an integration table for each new topic it receives. Thus, when a message is sent to a topic, FairCom Edge automatically creates a table to hold it.

  • As you refine your integration processes, you may want to rename an integration table to better label the data it holds. You can use the "tableName" property of the "configureTopic" action to rename an integration table.

  • The "alterIntegrationTable" action can also be used to rename an integration table, but it is less convenient because you must know the original name of the integration table.

"result"

Property summary

Table 3. "result" property summaries

Property

Description

Type

Limits (inclusive)

"binaryFormat"

designates how binary values are returned

string enum

"base64"
"hex"

"cursorId"

contains a unique identifier returned by the server

string

Minimum length: 0
Maximum length: 255

"data"

contains an array or object that the server returns, such as records returned by a query

Note

It is an empty array when there are no results available.

array

Its contents are determined by the action

"dataFormat"

defines the format of the data in the "data" property

string

"autoDetect"
"arrays"
"objects"

"fields"

shows an array of objects set by the server where each object is the definition of a field in a table defining the details of each field returned by a query

array

"primaryKey"

represents the order of the primary keys in the index

Note

When "primaryKey" is 0 it means a field is not part of a primary key.

integer

0 - 255

"requestedRecordCount"

shows how many records were requested in the "getRecordsFromCursor" action to determine if fewer records were returned than were requested

integer

0 - 2147483647

"returnedRecordCount"

shows how many records were returned from the "getRecordsFromCursor" action to determine if fewer records were returned than were requested

integer

0 - 2147483647

"totalRecordCount"

contains an integer, the server sets its value to the number of records returned by a query

integer

-1 - 99,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999,999



The "binaryFormat" property designates how binary values are formatted in the JSON request and JSON response message. The default value is "base64".

Note

Typically, response options apply only to the server’s response, but the "binaryFormat" property applies to both the request and the response.

Things to know:
  • The "binaryFormat" property may occur inside "params""responseOptions", "defaultResponseOptions" , and "result".

  • When "binaryFormat" occurs in "params" it specifies how the sender represents binary values.

    For example, when  "binaryFormat" is set to "hex", the FairCom server expects the binary values of fields and keys to be represented in strings with hexadecimal format.

  • When "binaryFormat" occurs in "responseOptions" or "defaultResponseOptions" it specifies how the FairCom server should represent binary values in responses.

    For example, when "binaryFormat" is set to "hex", the FairCom server represents binary values in strings with hexadecimal format.

  • When "binaryFormat" occurs in "result" it signifies how binary values are represented.

    For example, when "binaryFormat" is set to "base64", the FairCom server represents binary values in the response in base64 format.

  • The following are the possible values for each format.

    • "base64"

      When the server reads and writes from a binary field, it represents the binary value as a base64 string.

      • This is the default

      • "base64" strings contain the following characters:

        • 0-9

        • A-Z

        • a-z

        • +

        • /

        • =

    • "hex"

      When the server reads and writes from a binary field, it represents the binary value as a hexadecimal string.

      • Hexadecimal is easier for people to read and convert to binary.

      • Hexadecimal creates a larger payload than "base64", which makes it less efficient for data transmission.

      • Hexadecimal strings contain the following characters:

        • 0-9

        • A-F

    • "byteArray"

      When the server reads and writes from a binary field, it represents the binary value as an array of bytes.

      • An array of bytes is easiest for a program to manipulate.

      • An array of bytes creates a larger payload than "base64" and "hex", which makes it less efficient for data transmission.

      • An array of bytes returns a JSON array containing one integer number between 0 and 255 for each byte in the binary value:

        • "aBinaryField": [ 255, 0, 255 ]

Examples

Create a "binary_test" table

This example creates a table containing one binary field named "bin" with a fixed length of 5 bytes.

{
  "api": "db",
  "action": "createTable",
  "params": {
    "tableName": "binary_test",
    "fields": [
      {
        "name": "bin",
        "type": "binary",
        "length": 5
      }
    ]
  },
  "authToken": "replaceWithValidAuthtoken"
}
Insert a record into the "binary_test" table using an array of bytes format

This example inserts a record with the ASCII characters "123" in the "bin" field. The value of "bin" is represented as an array of bytes.

{
  "api": "db",
  "action": "insertRecords",
  "params": {
    "tableName": "binary_test",
    "dataFormat": "objects",
    "binaryFormat": "byteArray",
    "sourceData": [
      {
        "bin": [49,50,51]
      }
    ]
  },
  "authToken": "replaceWithValidAuthtoken"
}
Insert a record into the "binary_test" table using hexadecimal format

This example inserts a record with the ASCII characters "123" in the "bin" field. The value of "bin" is represented as a string in hexadecimal format.

{
  "api": "db",
  "action": "insertRecords",
  "params": {
    "tableName": "binary_test",
    "dataFormat": "objects",
    "binaryFormat": "hex",
    "sourceData": [
      {
        "bin": "313233"
      }
    ]
  },
  "authToken": "replaceWithValidAuthtoken"
}
Insert a record into the "binary_test" table using base64 format

This example inserts a record with the ASCII characters "123" in the "bin" field. The value of "bin" is represented as a string in base64 format.

{
  "api": "db",
  "action": "insertRecords",
  "params": {
    "tableName": "binary_test",
    "dataFormat": "objects",
    "binaryFormat": "base64",
    "sourceData": [
      {
        "bin": "MTIz"
      }
    ]
  },
  "authToken": "replaceWithValidAuthtoken"
}
Retrieve a record with "binaryFormat" as an array of bytes

This example requests the first record in the "binary_test" table with the value of "bin" represented as an array of bytes.

{
  "api": "db",
  "action": "getRecordsByTable",
  "params": {
    "tableName": "binary_test",
    "maxRecords": 1
  },
  "responseOptions": {
    "binaryFormat": "byteArray",
    "dataFormat": "objects",
    "numberFormat": "number"
  },
  "authToken": "replaceWithValidAuthtoken"
}
Response

Note

Our examples insert only 3 bytes into "bin" . Because the "bin" field has a fixed-length if 5 bytes, the server pads unused bytes with 0x00 and stores the result. When a record is retrieved, the server returns all 5 bytes.

{
  "authToken": "authtokenFromServer",
  "result": {
    "dataFormat": "objects",
    "binaryFormat": "byteArray",
    "fields": [
      { "name": "id",       "type": "bigint", "length": null, "scale": null, "autoTimestamp": "none", "defaultValue": null, "nullable": false, "primaryKey": 1 },
      { "name": "changeId", "type": "bigint", "length": null, "scale": null, "autoTimestamp": "none", "defaultValue": null, "nullable": true,  "primaryKey": 0 },
      { "name": "bin",      "type": "binary", "length": 5,    "scale": null, "autoTimestamp": "none", "defaultValue": null, "nullable": true,  "primaryKey": 0 }
    ],
    "data": [
      {
        "bin": [49,50,51,0,0],
        "changeId": 50217,
        "id": 1
      }
    ],
    "moreRecords": true,
    "requestedRecordCount": 1,
    "returnedRecordCount": 1,
    "totalRecordCount": 3
  },
  "errorCode": 0,
  "errorMessage": ""
}

Retrieve a record with "binaryFormat" as hexadecimal

This example requests the first record in the "binary_test" table with the value of "bin" represented as a hexadecimal string.

{
  "api": "db",
  "action": "getRecordsByTable",
  "params": {
    "tableName": "binary_test",
    "maxRecords": 1
  },
  "responseOptions": {
    "binaryFormat": "hex",
    "dataFormat": "objects",
    "numberFormat": "number"
  },
  "authToken": "replaceWithValidAuthtoken"
}
Response
{
  "authToken": "authtokenFromServer",
  "result": {
    "dataFormat": "objects",
    "binaryFormat": "byteArray",
    "fields": [
      { "name": "id",       "type": "bigint", "length": null, "scale": null, "autoTimestamp": "none", "defaultValue": null, "nullable": false, "primaryKey": 1 },
      { "name": "changeId", "type": "bigint", "length": null, "scale": null, "autoTimestamp": "none", "defaultValue": null, "nullable": true,  "primaryKey": 0 },
      { "name": "bin",      "type": "binary", "length": 5,    "scale": null, "autoTimestamp": "none", "defaultValue": null, "nullable": true,  "primaryKey": 0 }
    ],
    "data": [
      {
        "bin": "3132330000",
        "changeId": 50217,
        "id": 1
      }
    ],
    "moreRecords": true,
    "requestedRecordCount": 1,
    "returnedRecordCount": 1,
    "totalRecordCount": 3
  },
  "errorCode": 0,
  "errorMessage": ""
}


Retrieve a record with "binaryFormat" as base64

This example requests the first record in the "binary_test" table with the value of "bin" represented as a base64 string.

{
  "api": "db",
  "action": "getRecordsByTable",
  "params": {
    "tableName": "binary_test",
    "maxRecords": 1
  },
  "responseOptions": {
    "binaryFormat": "base64",
    "dataFormat": "objects",
    "numberFormat": "number"
  },
  "authToken": "replaceWithValidAuthtoken"
}
Response
{
  "authToken": "authtokenFromServer",
  "result": {
    "dataFormat": "objects",
    "binaryFormat": "byteArray",
    "fields": [
      { "name": "id",       "type": "bigint", "length": null, "scale": null, "autoTimestamp": "none", "defaultValue": null, "nullable": false, "primaryKey": 1 },
      { "name": "changeId", "type": "bigint", "length": null, "scale": null, "autoTimestamp": "none", "defaultValue": null, "nullable": true,  "primaryKey": 0 },
      { "name": "bin",      "type": "binary", "length": 5,    "scale": null, "autoTimestamp": "none", "defaultValue": null, "nullable": true,  "primaryKey": 0 }
    ],
    "data": [
      {
        "bin": "MTIzAAA=",
        "changeId": 50217,
        "id": 1
      }
    ],
    "moreRecords": true,
    "requestedRecordCount": 1,
    "returnedRecordCount": 1,
    "totalRecordCount": 3
  },
  "errorCode": 0,
  "errorMessage": ""
}


The "cursorId" property is a required string from 0 to 255 bytes. It is a unique identifier returned by the server.

Things to know:
  • The "getRecordsFromCursor" action uses it to quickly and efficiently retrieve paginated records.

  • Setting a zero-length "cursorId" in the request is invalid.

  • It is not returned when "returnCursor" is false.

Important

Do not assume the "cursorId" is a number embedded in a string.

The "dataFormat" property is an optional, case-insensitive string enum that defines the format of the response in the "data" property. The default format is an array of arrays. The alternative is an array of objects. The default for "dataFormat" can be changed during a "createSession" action by assigning a different value to the "dataFormat" property in "defaultResponseOptions".

There are three different (but similar) versions of the "dataFormat" property:

Two of those versions occur in a request and another occurs in a response. They all indicate how data is formatted.

  • "dataFormat" in the request inside "responseOptions" determines how the "data" property in the response is formatted.

    Possible values include:

    • "arrays"

      This is the default and causes the server to return results as an array of arrays, which is the most efficient.

    • "objects"

      This returns results as an array of objects. This is less efficient but is simpler to generate, read, and troubleshoot.

  • "dataFormat" in the request in the "params" object notifies the server how the "sourceData" property is formatted in the request. This version is rarely used because of the default "autoDetect" behavior.

    Possible values include:

    • "arrays"

      This causes the server to return results as an array of arrays, which is the most efficient.

    • "objects"

      This returns results as an array of objects. This is less efficient but is simpler to generate, read, and troubleshoot.

    • "autoDetect"

      This is the default and causes the server to automatically detect the format of the data in the "sourceData" property.

  • "dataFormat" in the response shows the client how the server formatted the "data" property.

    Possible values include:

    • "arrays"

      This is the default and causes the server to return results as an array of arrays, which is the most efficient.

    • "objects"

      This returns results as an array of objects. This is less efficient but is simpler to generate, read, and troubleshoot.

The "fields" property is a required array of field-type objects. There is one object for each top-level field in the array. Each object identifies the actual data type of the field as stored in the database.

A field-type object is used when creating a table. It contains one object for each field definition returned in the data.

Full request example

"fields": 
[
    {
      "name": "name",
      "type": "varchar",
      "length": 50,
      "scale": null,
      "defaultValue": null,
      "nullable": false,
      "primaryKey":1
   }
]

Full response example

"fields":
[
  {
      "name": "id",
      "type": "bigint",
      "length": null,
      "scale": null,
      "autoValue": "none",
      "defaultValue": null,
      "nullable": false,
      "primaryKey": 1
  }
]

Property summary

Table 4. "fields" property summaries

Property

Description

Default

Type

Limits (inclusive)

"autoValue"

controls when and how the server automatically sets the field value

""

string

"none"
"incrementOnInsert"
"timestampOnInsert"
"timestampOnUpdate"
"timestampOnUpdateAndInsert"
"changeid"

"defaultValue"

specifies the default value of a field

string

Minimum length: 0
Maximum length: 65500

"length"

defines the length of a field's value in a record

integer

1 - 65500

"name"

defines a new name of the field

string

Minimum length: 0
Maximum length: 64

"nullable"

allows a field to contain a NULL value when true

Boolean

true
false

"primaryKey"

adds a field to the specified ordinal position of the table's primary key when > 0

integer

0 - 32

"scale"

defines the number of places to the right of the decimal point

integer

0 - 32

"type"

defines the type of field

string

"bit"
"tinyint"
"smallint"
"integer"
"bigint"
"real"
"double"
"number"
"money"
"date"
"time"
"timestamp"
"char"
"varchar"
"lvarchar"
"binary"
"varbinary"
"lvarbinary"
"json"


This property controls when and how the server automatically sets the field value.

Specify only one of these values per field.

  • "none" indicates the server does not automatically set the field's value.

  • "incrementOnInsert" indicates the server automatically increments a field’s value each time the server inserts a new record. It applies to fields that are of the type of decimal or one of the integer types, such as "bigint". Only one field per table can have this attribute. The server returns an error when assigning this attribute to multiple fields. The JSON DB API automatically creates the "id" field as an "incrementOnInsert" field. If you apply this attribute to another field, it becomes the only automatically incremented field in the table. If you want that field to be the primary key, assign  "primaryKey": 1 to it.

  • "timestampOnInsert" indicates the server automatically sets a field’s value to the current date and time of an insert. It applies only to fields with a type of "timestamp".

  • "timestampOnUpdate" indicates the server automatically sets a field’s value to the current date and time of an update. It applies only to timestamp fields.

  • "timestampOnUpdateAndInsert" indicates the server automatically sets a field’s value to the current date and time of an insert and an update. It applies only to fields with a type of "timestamp".

  • "changeId" indicates the server uses the field for optimistic locking. The server automatically sets the field's value to the internal transaction number used during the last update of the record. This value changes each time the server updates the record. A table may only have one change tracking field. The field type must be "bigint".

    The JSON DB API automatically creates a "changeid" field with change-tracking functionality.

    Change tracking is optional in the CTDB and ISAM APIs. The application must create a 64-bit integer field and assign change-tracking functionality to it.

The "requestedRecordCount" property is a signed, 32-bit integer set by the server in response to the "getRecordsFromCursor" method.

Things to know:
  • It makes it easy to know how many records were requested in the last call to "getRecordsFromCursor".

  • An application can use "requestedRecordCount" in conjunction with "returnedRecordCount" to determine if fewer records were returned than requested, which occurs when the cursor reaches the end of the recordset.

The "returnedRecordCount" is a 32-bit integer set by the server in response to the "getRecordsFromCursor" method.

Things to know:
  • It makes it easy to know how many records were returned from the last call to "getRecordsFromCursor".

  • An application can use "returnedRecordCount" in conjunction with "requestedRecordCount" to determine if fewer records were returned than requested, which occurs when the cursor reaches the end of the recordset.

The "totalRecordCount" property contains the total available number of records that can be returned from a query.

Things to know:
  • The "totalRecordCount" is set to -1, when the server does not know the total record count.

  • A very fast way to get the total number of records in a table is to call the "getRecordsByTable" method without applying a "tableFilter". This immediately returns the count without reading and counting records.

  • For most methods, the server does not calculate "totalRecordCount" because calculating it requires walking all records in the query, which may take a significant amount of time.

  • When the result is returned as a cursor, "totalRecordCount" is the total number of records that the cursor can traverse.

    Note

    This does not apply to cursor responses.

  • When the result returns records directly, "totalRecordCount" is the total number of records that can be retrieved – not necessarily the number of records returned.